Plantar fasciitis treatment in Montreal
What is a plantar fasciitis?
A plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the plantar fasciia.
This fascia or aponeurosis is a fibrous membrane connecting the bone of the heel to the toes and passing through the arch of the foot, serving to support the arch of the foot.
What is a heel spur?
This term is often misused to describe plantar fasciitis.
The heel spur or calcaneal spur, is a calcification of the fascia at the level of the heel. This is a non-systematic consequence of plantar fasciitis and is only visible by X-ray.
It is important to know that it is not the spine that is painful but the plantar fascia that is inflamed and that it is possible to suffer from plantar fasciitis without the presence of a heel spur.
How is plantar fasciitis recognized?
The main symptom is a sharp pain in the heel (sometimes also at the arch of the foot or behind the heel).
This pain can be aggravated during the first steps in the morning or after rest. Other patients will describe the pain after a long day of walking or standing.
What are the most common causes?
Several factors can cause plantar fasciitis such as:
- A significant gain in weight
- A change in professional activity (different posture, greater physical effort)
- A new sport or a sudden increase in frequency or intensity of practice
However, plantar fasciitis can be related to the foot structure (flat feet, hollow feet). It is therefore important to consult a podiatrist so that he can, using a biomechanical examination of the feet and lower limbs, identify the cause.
This will allow him to give the best treatment.
How is plantar fasciitis treated?
Depending on your condition and activities, several treatments may be recommended by your podiatrist as :
- Temporary cessation of physical activity
- Exercices and stretches
- Apply ice regularly
- Ultrasonic therapy
- Foot orthotics
- Cortisone injections